The feminization of the judiciary does not reach the highest positions
Certainly, the feminization of the judiciary has accelerated in recent years. Although they have had access to this trade in 1946, women were quickly invested the profession and are now the majority: they represent 80% of the graduates of the National School of Magistrates (ENM) and nearly 60% of judges. Encouraging figures which looked the NHS at a conference on May 31 and June 1.
Read: "The massive feminization of the judiciary stops at the doors of the hierarchy" (subscriber link)
Reality "quite paradoxical" however, for Cécile Petit, First Advocate General at the Court of Cassation and former member of the Supreme Judicial Council, which noted that "the line positions are mostly in the hands of men." Indeed, only 30% of women in positions "out hierarchy", which represent the highest levels of the judiciary.
Worse, on some 8,500 judges in France, only four women lead an appellate court. Cécile Petit advocates the establishment by the Chancellery and the Ministry of Justice an "observatory career" so that women can access "to these positions until they are closed now." She regretted that "syndicalism fairly interested in this issue."
Cécile Petit: "A shared power, and not managed by men and for men to"
The Secretary General of the Union of Magistrates, Marie-Blanche Regnier, also notes that of 390 posts of heads of courts or courts of appeal, there are only 89 women. Ms. Regnier says his union is much focused on this issue, including trying to "educate members of the Supreme Judicial Council", which give their opinion on the appointment of the Chancellery.
Without being in favor of affirmative action, the union intends to alert the hierarchy on the fact that women in skills and equal seniority, may be at a disadvantage in his career against a man, hence the need to "compensate".
Marie-Blanche Regnier: "Women represent the majority of the body, and so far they are underrepresented in the line functions"
At the Trade Union of the judiciary, the general secretary, Virginia Duval, did not hear it that way. For her, "whether there are more women or men should not ask questions." "We do not ask us to be a man or a woman" when you enter a courtroom, "but to be a judge."
Virginie Duval noted that all judges do not have access to outside of management positions and doubt that many women are applying for these positions: "It is not necessarily an issue of discrimination, she advance. I think many women self-censorship. " And point the finger an institution that does not take into account the difficulties of magistrates to manage their careers and family life: "That's problematic, it is not the issue of feminization."
Virginie Duval: "I think many women censor"